Occupy Sandy Relief & Volunteering — It’s Good for Your Health and for the Community

Delivering hot and cold food, along with medical care, to buildings in the Far Rockaways still without power.

Recently, I joined a group of volunteers helping in relief efforts post-superstorm Sandy, in one of the markedly affected areas of the Rockaways in Queens, NY.  We spent the day helping distribute food and medical care to those still without power almost two weeks after the storm.  By the time we arrived late Saturday morning, we found an operation in full force, with numerous volunteer organizations contributing in different ways, from food and water tents, to clothes and essential goods, to mobile medical units.

As they were short on doctors, I was asked to lead a mobile medical team to a neglected building in the Far Rockaways, where there were many elderly running low on food and water.  We met an elderly Russian gentleman who had just been sent home after suffering a heart attack in the aftermath of this devastating storm.  It was amazing he had made it up the six flights to his apartment!

He was in excellent spirits, but lacking the essential medications one would need post-heart attack to prevent a recurrence.  The hospital staff had neglected to realize that they were discharging him to an area without power, and lacking an open pharmacy to fill his medications.  His English was poor, but we managed to get enough information with his wife as a translator, and worked on getting him the medications that were vital for him, along with much needed food and water.

In this small community, the spirit of cooperation was immense.  People were helping each other carry supplies up the stairs of this high-rise.  They had just gotten hot water and heat on the day we visited, but full power was probably two weeks away.

Volunteering is a selfless act.  Of course, it is not without distress and frustration, as you may encounter the reality of the gap between what is needed and what is actually being done.  Nevertheless, that cannot discourage even the smallest of efforts.  We often think, well, “Where do I begin?”  You can simply begin by showing up, and then allow the needs to guide what you do.  This is what Alison Thompson, the author of “The Third Wave,” has done since the Tsunami in SouthEast Asia, traveling around the world to where natural disasters create the need for help.

You don’t have to be Mother Theresa, though, to volunteer or create positive change in the world.  Volunteering not only helps others; it helps you.  I hate to make a post about volunteering into something that is good for your health, but the reality is that when you help others in need, that smile you get in return, or their words of appreciation, fuels your soul and your own personal development.

The gift of giving releases feel-good chemicals in our bodies, known as endorphins.  With a selfish need, comes a selfless result – the yin-yang of life.  There are people out there that need your help, so get out there and help them.  You will feel better, be a better person for it, and will have touched other lives in ways that are priceless.

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Dr. Pedre’s Super-Immunity Soup

Try this super-immunity soup to help boost your immune system, especially when you’re feeling like you may be coming down with a cold.

Ingredients:

1 yellow onion
2 large organic carrots
2 stalks of organic celery

1 head of kale
30g dried or fresh shiitake mushrooms

30g dried astragalus root

1-2 tbsp chopped ginger

10 garlic cloves

1 bunch of cilantro

¼ cup olive oil

Sea salt

Ground black pepper

Cooking Instructions:

Wash and cut the vegetables. You may sauté the vegetables in a little sesame or olive oil, for extra browning and flavor.  Wash mushrooms and astragalus root and place them into a medium saucepan.   Add the rest of the vegetables.  Add cold water and bring to a boil.   Lower the heat, and cook uncovered for 40 minutes, making sure to add water if it runs too low.   Add sea salt and black pepper to taste.

Enjoy with a cup of jasmine brown rice and fresh parsley sprinkled on top.

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Greening Your Kitchen

In my latest post on Ecomii, picked up by Yahoo! Green and Shine from Yahoo!, Greening Your Ktichen, I talked about the simple ways that you can not only make your kitchen a greener place, but healthier place, too.  You see, by making choices that are environmentally friendly for your kitchen, you actually make choices that are healthier for you and your family.  It’s that simple, and it’s what I talk about all the time as meaning Sustainable Health.  When you make green, sustainable choices, you are making choices for your health as well.  These changes, along with a healthy lifestyle that nourishes mind, body and spirit, is what leads to long-term health.  So, go ahead!  Change those non-stick pots and pans, cleaning agents, and the type of water you drink.  You will create a healthier home for you and your family.  And at the same time, make the planet a healthier place by contributing to the green economy.  We vote by how we spend our dollars more strongly than any other way.  Vote for your health and the planet by going green! 

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Eight Natural Remedies for Spring Allergies

With 50 million Americans suffering from allergies, it is no wonder that there are so many drug choices to treat the symptoms.[1]  A nationwide survey found that 54.6 percent of all US citizens test positive for one or more allergens.[2]  Unfortunately, over-the-counter medications are often either ineffective, or cause untoward side-effects.

Every year I search for the best natural remedies to treat spring allergies.  If you are an allergy sufferer, you know that spring with its burst of colors, rings in the season of itchy, watery eyes, sneezing, nasal congestion and postnasal drip, to name a few symptoms.  In the worst of cases, spring allergies will turn into a sinus infection.  However, if you attend to the symptoms early on or better yet, prevent them, you can ward off these consequences.

Here are my top choices for 2012:

1. Medicine at the tip of your fork:  Ok, it’s as much what you eat, as what you don’t eat.  This is probably the hardest thing for people to hear and implement, but it is so dramatically helpful in most circumstances, that I have to bring it to the top of the list.  Eliminate wheat, dairy and sugar, and you may be surprised at how your sinuses clear up within a week or two.

2.  Vitamin C and Quercetin: This power combination of two super-antioxidants puts a damper on our allergy superstars – the mast cell.  Mast cells release histamine, which is the major cause for the allergy symptoms people experience.

Take a combination of Vitamin C 1500mg with Quercetin 500mg.  Dosing has to be repeated throughout the day, every 4-6 hours, to help reduce symptoms.  A favorite product, Natural D-Hist, very effectively combines these two nutrients with stinging nettle leaf extract, bromelain (pineapple enzyme), and N-acetyl cysteine (mucous thinner) to dry out a runny nose and reduce sneezing attacks.

3. Sabadil®: Medicine without the side effects.  Homeopathy uses micro doses of active substances to relieve symptoms and treat diseases.  Homeopathic medicines can be tailored to the individual, but it’s also nice to have a blended product, like Sabadil® and Children’s Sabadil® Pellets, that address a variety of allergy-related symptoms.  Without side effects, such as drowsiness or irritability, it works naturally to relieve hay fever symptoms.  Homeopathy is always my treatment of choice for my son.

4. Stinging Nettle Leaf Tea:  Some may find the tea from this perennial “weed” in the garden with vicious stingers on the tips of its leaves to be somewhat bitter.  As they say, at times the cure is the poison.  This mellow tea should be steeped for 10-15 minutes to obtain its full benefits.  As an added plus, it alkalinizes the urine, allowing the kidneys to increase their elimination of toxins – great as part of a Spring Detox program.

5. Optique 1®: Finally, relief for dry, itchy, burning, red eyes without the rebound effect of all those vasoconstrictors or astringents that only provide temporary relief.  Optique 1® by Boiron is a safe blend of homeopathic ingredients that work naturally to relieve minor eye irritations caused by airborne irritants, such as pollen, dust or ragweed.  It can be used throughout the day without any risk of overdosing.

6. Neti-potting: Ahh, the dreaded neti pot.  How do you run a sterile saline solution up your nose and out the other side while leaning your head upside down over the sink without letting it run down your throat?  Simply Saline® Allergy & Sinus Relief to the rescue!  With its easy misting bottle, I find it takes the guess work out of neti-potting.  With a 3% saline solution, it helps dry out a runny nose and flushes out allergens.

7. Steaming with essential oils:  You may have seen your grandparents doing this, and it works.  Bring water to a boil in a pot, then turn off the heat.  My secret recipe (not so secret anymore) calls for 4 drops of eucalyptus oil, 2 drops of tea tree oil, and 3 drops of rosemary essential oil.  Drape a large towel over your head, lean over the pot, and inhale deeply.  Another method would be to add the oils with water to a mister then spray in the air while taking a steaming hot shower.  Inhale and enjoy the sinus clearing effect!

8.  Acupuncture:  This ancient healing art helps temper an overactive immune system, and can provide immediate relief to swollen, irritated nasal passages.  An acupuncturist will typically apply individual, sterile acupuncture needles to the face in specific points that are reflex points for the sinuses and nose.  Far away points in the hands and feet may also be applied, helping to rebalance the energy meridians.  The debate is up as to how and why it works, but ask anyone who gets regular acupuncture and they will tell you, it helps them feel grounded and relaxed.  Who couldn’t use a bit more grounding and relaxation in our stressed out world?


[1] American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI). The Allergy Report: Science Based Findings on the Diagnosis & Treatment of Allergic Disorders, 1996-2001.

[2] Arbes SJ et al. “Prevalences of positive skin test responses to 10 common allergens in the US population: Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.” Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 116:377-383. 2005

Posted in Allergies, Detox & Cleansing, Food Allergies, Food Elimination Diet, Functional Medicine, Immune System Help | Tagged , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Prevent the Bulge! 8 Steps to Avoiding Holiday Weight Gain

Brace yourselves, it’s the holidays again, and with all the parties and celebrations, there will be food, drinks and more food.  In fact, 51% of yearly weight gain in Americans happens during the 6-week holiday period.

Popular belief is that people expect to gain 5 to 10 pounds over the holidays, and research suggests that if you’re already overweight, the strikes are against you.  One study followed 195 adults from September through March, finding that the average weight gain was approximately 1 lb (0.37 kg).

However, in adults that were already overweight or obese weight gain was greater, with 14% averaging a weight gain of 5 lbs.[1]  The same was found to be true for elementary-aged children.  Those overweight or obese prior to the holidays were most at risk for gaining weight during the holidays.[2]

The good news is you can prep yourself for all the food with these healthy tips to maintain your weight and avoid the holiday waist bulge.

8 Steps to Avoiding Holiday Weight Gain:

  1. Get that body moving!       One of the most effective ways to maintain weight is to exercise.  Whether it’s the treadmill, the stationary bike or the spin class, your cardio exercise should last at least 30 minutes three times a week.  Bump this up during the holiday season to 45 min to 1 hour to make up for the extra calories.
  2. Prep-Snack.  Pack your refrigerator with whole fruits and ready-to-go bags of cut-up vegetables.  The fiber in these foods fills you up quickly, and having the grab bags makes it easy to run and go in the morning.  When temptation arises, reach for your sweet fruit snack, instead.
  3. Keep temptation away.       Tempting cookies and treats will be everywhere during the holidays, but they shouldn’t be within easy reach.  They pack on a ton of calories, with little nutrition.  Keep them away from your desk or kitchen.  However, if you feel the urge, allow yourself one small serving of a holiday candy or goody when the desire arises to keep you from feeling deprived, which can lead to overindulging.
  4. Beware of the bread basket effect.  When attending holiday parties, expect the bread and hors d’oeuvres to be among the most fattening items on the menu.  Bread converts to a simple sugar, which leads to weight gain around the waist.  Once you start, it’s hard to stop.  Eat a healthy snack, such as a fruit, low-fat yoghurt or a handful of nuts before the party, so you don’t arrive hungry.  This way you’ll be able to  make better choices, skipping the less healthy options. The WebMD Food-o-meter a great is a great tool for helping you calculate how many calories you have eaten.
  5. The One Rule = one plate or one bite.  When at a holiday party, limit those items that seem to be the richest, creamiest and most tempting to one bite or one spoonful.  When it comes to the dinner plate, limit to one plate, not allowing the food to touch the corners of the plate.  Don’t gulp down the food, but savor and enjoy all the flavors and textures as you chew it slowly.  Eating slowly will allow time for your brain to sense that you are full.
  6. Watch the tap.  I’m talking about beer and cocktails here.  Alcohol is full of empty calories that have a particular affection for the belly fat.  Remember, beer will bloat, and liquor will make you bigger.  For a lower calorie beverage, try a wine spritzer with club soda.
  7. Hydrate.  If you are well-hydrated, you will feel less hungry.  The body often confuses dehydration for hunger.  Make sure you’re getting at least eight 8 ounce glasses of water daily, but drink even more water if you consume   dehydrating beverages, such as coffee, tea or alcohol.  If you’re still hungry while eating, check in with your daily water consumption and make sure it has been enough.
  8. Focus on being social.   The holidays are all about conversation and connecting with family, friends and peers.  Focusing your energies on being in the calorie-free moment will keep you from focusing only on the calorie-dense food.  Make it as much about the gathering as it is about sharing food together.

When all else fails, you can always make up for it in the New Year with a Doctor-supervised Weight Loss Program or Detox to set your body back to where it was before the holidays.  Most people do not lose the weight they put on over the holidays, packing on weight year after year, so getting a head start right after the holidays is the best way to prevent the seemingly inevitable inches.


  1. [1] Roberts SB, Mayer J.  Holiday weight gain: fact or fiction?  Nutr Rev. 2000 Dec;58(12):378-9.

  2. [2] Branscum P, et al. An Evaluation of Holiday Weight Gain Among Elementary-aged Children.  The University of Cincinnati, Health Promotion and Education.  J Clin Med Res. 2010 Aug 18;2(4):167-71.
Posted in Clean Living, Community, Detox & Cleansing, HCG Weight Loss Program, Natural Remedies | Tagged , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Winterize your Immune System with these Superimmunity Foods

Every year as winter rolls around, we fear the cold or flu that will knock us off our feet for a week.  The winter season brings with its cooler temperatures, a wide array of cold and flu viruses that make their rounds across America.  Approximately 62 million Americans will miss days from work due to a flu-related illness this coming season.

In my recent post about the flu vaccine, I talked about natural prevention strategies for the flu.  So, you know about vitamin D, and elderberry, and zinc.  These should be part of your medicine toolkit to help ward off colds and flu.

To further winterize your immune system add the following super-immunity herbs and mushrooms to your supplement routine:

Astragalus

Astragalus is my number one favorite winter immune tonic.  A plant with long stems, pointy leaves and purple flowers, the astragalus is harvested for its roots.  Within these roots are astragalosides, plant constituents that stimulate the immune system.  It also contains other immunostimulants, such as polysaccharides,[1] beta-sitosterols, and plant flavonoids.  The polysaccharides increase immune-mediated anti-tumor activity.[2]

The dried root may be added to a soup, or taken as a decoction, made by boiling in water.  It also may be found in capsule or extract form at your local health food store.

Take 1 – 2 capsules daily or drink a decoction of the powdered root several times a week to keep your immune system strong during cold and flu season.

1,3/1,6 beta-glucans

Beta-glucans are chains of glucose molecules attached end-to-end.  They are unlike regular starch in that they have branching side-chains (1,3 or 1,6 being the most immunologically active).  Molecular chemistry aside, beta glucans are powerful “biological response modifiers” able to activate our innate immune system.[3] [4]

Several studies have shown the benefits of beta-glucans in reducing the risk of serious post-operative infections in high-risk surgical patients.[5] [6] [7]  Another study found that mice given yeast Beta-glucan with or without antibiotics were protected against anthrax infection.[8]

Most studies used 1,3 beta-glucan sourced from a yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae.  However, you can also find this powerful immune system booster in several mushrooms used in every day cooking, such as Reishi, Shiitake and Maitake.

At the first signs of a cold, start taking beta -1,3/1,6 – D – glucan 100mg three times a day.  Another option is to make a superimmunity soup (see below), with all types of winter vegetables, adding the mushroom sources of 1,3/1,6 beta-glucan, and sip throughout the day.

Cordyceps

The use of Cordyceps dates back to traditional Tibetan and Chinese medicines.  Cordyceps is known in Chinese medicine as a powerful lung tonic.  It fortifies the Qi circulation in the lungs, and is especially useful for someone who is prone to bronchitis, wheezing or coughing.  It has been shown to increase respiratory capacity.[9]

Like other tonic mushrooms, it contains polysaccharides that have a fortifying effect on the immune system.[10] [11]

Take 1000 mg capsules twice a day as a means to strengthen your defenses.  It may also be prepared as a decoction by adding to boiling water, then simmering for 10 to 15 minutes.

Superimmunity Soup

When you need an immune pick-me-up, try this superimmunity soup to charge up your immune system and ward off that cold.  It contains many common vegetables that we all enjoy, but feel free to vary the recipe by adding your own winter vegetables.  You may vary the mushroom used from shiitake to reishi or maitake.  It is ideal to always add the astragalus, but it may be harder to find at your local grocery store.  Astragalus may actually require a trip to Chinatown.

Also, remove any ingredients you don’t enjoy.  For example, I am an avid cilantro lover, so I always add cilantro to my soups, but there are those among that may not share my enthusiasm.  Feel free to quietly omit the cilantro if you are one of those, but don’t tell me.  I love cilantro too much to forego it.  You can also use the soup recipe to make a vegetable stock to use in other recipes.

Here’s my recipe:

Ingredients

1 yellow onion

2 large organic carrots

2 stalks of organic celery

1 head of kale

30g dried or fresh shiitake mushrooms

30g dried astragalus root

1-2 tbsp finely chopped ginger

10 garlic cloves (chopped or whole)

1 bunch of cilantro

¼ cup olive oil

Sea salt

Ground black pepper

Directions

  1. Wash and cut the vegetables
  2. For extra browning and flavor, you can sauté the vegetables with olive oil or sesame oil
  3. Wash the mushrooms and astragalus root and place into pot
  4. Pour cold water into a large soup pot up to 3/4 full, add all vegetables, and bring to a boil
  5. Lower the heat, and cook uncovered for 40 minutes
  6. Add sea salt and black pepper to taste
  7. Cool down and enjoy!
If you have an autoimmune condition or other chronic disease, you should consult with your doctor before taking medicinal herbs or mushrooms.


[1] Du X, Chen X, Zhao B, et al.  Astragalus polysaccharides enhance the humoral and cellular immune responses of hepatitis B surface antigen vaccination through inhibiting the expression of transforming growth factor β and the frequency of regulatory T cells.  FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2011 Nov;63(2):228-35.

[2] Qun L, Luo Q, Zhang ZY, et al. Effects of astragalus on IL-2/IL-2R system in patients with maintained hemodialysis. Clin Nephrol. 1999 Nov;52(5):333-4.

[3] Miura, NN; Ohno N, Aketagawa J, Tamura H, Tanaka S, Yadomae T (January 1996). “Blood clearance of (1–>3)-beta-D-glucan in MRL lpr/lpr mice”. FEMS immunology and medical microbiology (England: Blackwell Publishing) 13 (1): 51–57.

[4] Vetvicka, V; Dvorak B, Vetvickova J, Richter J, Krizan J, Sima P, Yvin JC (2007-03-10). “Orally administered marine (1–>3)-beta-D-glucan Phycarine stimulates both humoral and cellular immunity”. International journal of biological macromolecules (England: Butterworth-Heinemann) 40 (4): 291–298.

[5] Babineau, TJ; Marcello P, Swails W, Kenler A, Bistrian B, Forse RA (November 1994). “Randomized phase I/II trial of a macrophage-specific immunomodulator (PGG-glucan) in high-risk surgical patients”. Annals of surgery 220 (5): 601–609.

[6] Babineau, TJ; Hackford A, Kenler A, Bistrian B, Forse RA, Fairchild PG, Heard S, Keroack M, Caushaj P, Benotti P (November 1994). “A phase II multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of three dosages of an immunomodulator (PGG-glucan) in high-risk surgical patients”. Archives of surgery 129 (11): 1204–1210.

[7] Dellinger, EP; Babineau TJ, Bleicher P, Kaiser AB, Seibert GB, Postier RG, Vogel SB, Norman J, Kaufman D, Galandiuk S, Condon RE (September 1999). “Effect of PGG-glucan on the rate of serious postoperative infection or death observed after high-risk gastrointestinal operations. Betafectin Gastrointestinal Study Group”. Archives of surgery 134 (9): 977–983.

[8] Vetvicka, V; Terayama K, Mandeville R, Brousseau P, Kournikakis B, Ostroff G (2002). “Pilot Study: Orally-Administered Yeast β1,3-glucan Prophylactically Protects Against Anthrax Infection and Cancer in Mice” (PDF). Journal of the American Nutraceutical Association (Birmingham, AL : The Association) 5 (2): 5–9.

[9] Heo JC, Nam SH, Nam DY, et al.  Anti-asthmatic activities in mycelial extract and culture filtrate of Cordyceps sphecocephala J201.  Int J Mol Med. 2010 Sep;26(3):351-6.

[10] Zhang J, et al.  Effect of polysaccharide from cultured Cordyceps sinensis on immune function and anti-oxidation activity of mice exposed to (60)Co. Int Immunopharmacol. 2011 Dec;11(12):2251-7. Epub 2011 Oct 11.

[11] Lee JS, Hong EK.  Immunostimulating activity of the polysaccharides isolated from Cordyceps militaris.  Int Immunopharmacol. 2011 Sep;11(9):1226-33. Epub 2011 Apr 14.

Posted in Conversations with Dr. Pedre, Food Revolution, Functional Medicine, Immune System Help, Natural Remedies, Vitamin D | Leave a comment

The Flu Vaccine: New Information You Should Know

Flu season is upon us, and once again you are faced with the dilemma: should you get a flu vaccine or not?   Are there other flu prevention strategies that may work just as well or better?  Well, recent studies have called  into question the effectiveness of influenza vaccination in certain age groups and populations.

According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), 90 percent of flu deaths occur among the elderly.  However, in spite of widespread flu vaccination in adults older than 65 years old, increasing from 15 percent before 1980 to 65 percent by 2001, the
number of flu-related deaths in this group did not decline.[1]

A new study in The Lancet showed that in adults older than 65, the protection offered by the flu vaccine may weaken or disappear entirely during a season.  In contrast, the live attenuated flu vaccine, a.k.a. Flumist®, provided the best protection to children ages 6 months to 7 years, but not beyond.[2]

If you are obese, meaning your BMI (Body Mass Index) is greater than 30, you are less likely to develop and maintain an effective immune response to flu vaccination compared to healthy weight adults.[3]  This may the reason why persons that were  overweight were more susceptible to complications from H1N1 influenza two years ago.

[Body Mass Index is a way to standardize height to weight measurements, so that they can be compared across persons of different heights and weights.  The link above will take you to a BMI calculator.  A BMI < 25 is generally considered a healthy weight; a BMI between 25 – 30 is overweight, and BMI > 30 is obese.  However, when calculating BMI’s, differences in body composition are not taken into account, so males with more muscle (muscle weighing more than fat) may have a higher BMI without being overweight for their body build.  It is also helpful to look at waist circumference, where a waist > 35 inches in women, and > 40 inches in men (as measured around the umbilicus), is associated with a higher risk of disease such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes.]

With more than one in ten of the world’s population obese, that means that 700 million people worldwide do not respond well to flu vaccination.  In other words, if you are obese, you are more likely to get the flu and suffer a complication than a healthy weight adult, if you both received the flu vaccine.  Does the flu vaccine still offer protection?  Yes, but not equally to all people.

Right now, if you are in one of these groups, you are concerned.  What do you do?

Well, regardless of what group you’re in, following these Flu Prevention Guidelines will help  keep you healthy during the flu season:

  1. Eat plenty of organic fruits and vegetables for their higher vitamin and anti-oxidant content
  2. Avoid excess sugar in your diet
  3. Make time for rest and sleep, especially when you feel run-down
  4. Exercise regularly
  5. If you are overweight, get on a plan to lose those excess pounds
  6. Stay well-hydrated, especially as the heat kicks in
  7. Do not smoke
  8. Use a hand sanitizer, which can kill up to 99 percent of viruses and bacteria
  9. Manage stress with positive activities

When this is not enough, certain natural remedies have a proven track record for helping stave off or shorten the duration of the flu.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D plays an important role in the body’s “immune fitness.”  Naturally, vitamin D levels drop during the winter months, especially in the northern latitudes.  Vitamin D was looked at as the possible “unknown factor” that British researcher, Dr.
Edgar Hope-Simpson, postulated was the cause for the seasonal rise in influenza cases in the winter.[4]

Adults with minimal sun exposure and in northern latitudes should get 5,000 IU daily of vitamin D3 during the winter months as a preventive.[5] [6]

Black Elderberry Extract

A number of studies have shown the effectiveness of black elderberry extract in shortening the duration of the flu.[7] [8]  For treating influenza, take 15 mL every four hours while awake until symptoms subside.

Elderberry extract, such as Sambucol®, can also be taken daily as a preventive remedy.  Take 1 tablespoon daily to prevent the flu during flu season.

Zinc

If you are deficient in zinc, your immune system will have a diminished ability to fight off infections.[9] [10]  Zinc also offers protection from the spreading of influenza from infected cells to ones that have not been infected.[11]

Take 25mg zinc lozenges every two to four hours while awake, until symptoms improve, starting at the earliest sign
of symptoms.


[1] Simonsen L, Reichert TA, Viboud C, et al.  Impact of influenza vaccination on seasonal mortality in the US elderly
population.  Arch Intern Med 2005;165:265-272.

[2] Osterholm, M, PhD, et al.  Efficacy and Effectiveness of Influenza Vaccines: A Systematic Review and
Meta-Analysis.  The Lancet Infectious Disease, Early Online Publication, 26 October 2011; doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(11)70295-X

[3] Sheridan, PA, et al.  Obesity is associated with impaired immune response to influenza vaccination in
humans.  International Journal of Obesity advance online publication 25 October 2011; doi: 10.1038/ijo.2011.208

[4] Cannell,et al: Epidemic influenza and vitamin D. Review Article. Epidemiology and Infection (2006), 134 : 1129-1140. Cambridge University Press.

[5] Smith SM. Vitamin D supplementation during Antartic Winter. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009 Apr;89(4):1092-8. Epub 2009 Feb 18.

[6] Weaver CM. Vitamin D requirements: current and future. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004 Dec;80(6 Suppl):1735S-9S

[7] Zakay-Rones et al. Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama. J Altern Complement Med. 1995 Winter;1(4):361-9.

[8] Zakay-Rones et al. Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. J Int Med Res. 2004 Mar-Apr;32(2):132-40.

[9] Klaus-Helge Ibs & Lothar Rink. Zinc Altered Immune Function. The American Society for Nutritional Sciences J. Nutr. 33:1452S-1456S, May 2003.

[10] Shankar, A. H. & Prasad, A. S. (1998) Zinc and immune function: the biological basis of altered resistance to infections. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 68 (suppl. 2): 447S–463S.

[11] Srivastava V, et al. Influenza A virus induced apoptosis: inhibition of DNA laddering & caspase-3 activity by zinc  supplementation in cultured HeLa cells. Indian J Med Res. 2009 May;129(5):579-86.
Posted in Flu/ Pandemic Flu -- How to Prepare, Immune System Help, Natural Remedies, Vitamin D | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments